The Decolonization of Equatorial Guinea: The Relevance of the International Factor

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The Decolonization of Equatorial Guinea: The Relevance of the International Factor

Alicia Campos The Journal of African History (2003), 44:1:95-116 | June 9, 2003
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The demise of Spanish colonialism in Central Africa has to be understood as part of the general process of African decolonization. In accepting the methodological framework proposed by some historians for studying the collapse of European domination in the continent, we can explain the independence of Equatorial Guinea, in 1968, as a result of the interaction between three different factors: international, metropolitan and colonial. This article delineates the decolonization of the only Spanish colony south of the Sahara, its main argument being that, in the case of Equatorial Guinea, the international factor – specifically, the role of the United Nations – is fundamental to the understanding of the timing, the actors' strategies and the results.

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